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Integrating the safeguard mechanism of funds for compulsory education in urban and rural areas & expediting the equalization of public services in education


On November 18, 2015, the executive meeting of the State Council resolved to integrate the safeguard mechanism of funds for compulsory education in urban and rural areas and expedite the equalization of public services in education.

In alignment with the new standards of urban development, the meeting determined several strategic objectives, namely: the integration of the insurance fund system for rural compulsory education and award-compensation policies of urban compulsory education, the establishment of a comprehensive safeguard mechanism for compulsory education in both urban and rural areas, and simplification of the disbursement process of funds to students.  These objectives were highlighted as the next steps for deepening reform and expediting the equalization of basic public services to promote social equality.

According to the meeting resolution, starting from the spring term of 2016, the state will standardize the quota of public funds per student, ensuring equality in the subsidies granted to urban and rural compulsory educational schools (private schools included). At the same time, support for subsidies for boarding schools, schools in northern heating districts and smaller-sized schools will increase, but timelines of raising this measure need to be tempered with the reality of slow-moving processes.  Beginning in the spring term of 2017, the state will waive tuition and miscellaneous fees for students who enroll in urban and rural compulsory education (private school students included), provide textbooks for free and grant living expense stipends for boarders from poor families. The funds for the implementation of above policies will be provided proportionally by both central and local governments according to different program standards. This cost of incremental financial investment for the above projects in the following two years is estimated to be around 15 billion Yuan.


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